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Technical Writing Sources: Citations

What is a DOI

The term DOI stands for "Digital Object Identifier." 

The DOI, when available, serves as a permanent link to the article.  It is usually found on the landing page of the article in a database, or on the first page of a print article.

MLA, APA, and other citation formats require the use of a DOI when it is available.

Most, but not all, scholarly/peer reviewed articles have a DOI. 


Citation Styles by Discipline

Help for the following citation styles may be found on this link

  • MLA:   Modern Language Association (English/Humanities)
  • APA:   American Psychological Association (Social Sciences, Education, Business, (Nursing at ASC)
  • Chicago/Turabian:   Chicago Manual of Style (History)
  • CSE:   Council of Science Editors (Life Sciences)
  • ACS:   American Chemical Society (Chemistry)
  • IEEE: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (Electrical Engineering, Computer Science)
  • ASME: American Society of Mechanical Engineers (Mechanical Engineering)
  • ASCE:   American Society of Civil Engineers (Civil Engineering)