Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
What is a DOI
The term DOI stands for "Digital Object Identifier."
The DOI, when available, serves as a permanent link to the article. It is usually found on the landing page of the article in a database, or on the first page of a print article.
MLA, APA, and other citation formats require the use of a DOI when it is available.
Most, but not all, scholarly/peer reviewed articles have a DOI.
Citation Styles by Discipline
Help for the following citation styles may be found on this link
- MLA: Modern Language Association (English/Humanities)
- APA: American Psychological Association (Social Sciences, Education, Business, (Nursing at ASC)
- Chicago/Turabian: Chicago Manual of Style (History)
- CSE: Council of Science Editors (Life Sciences)
- ACS: American Chemical Society (Chemistry)
- IEEE: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (Electrical Engineering, Computer Science)
- ASME: American Society of Mechanical Engineers (Mechanical Engineering)
- ASCE: American Society of Civil Engineers (Civil Engineering)