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Your brain needs good information just like your lungs need good air: bad air is bad for your lungs; bad information is bad not only for you but also for society. Evaluating information has always been part of a sound research method. It is more important today because the amount of bad information has increased and the rate at which information spreads is increasing.
Fact Checking Web Sites
A project of the Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania. "We are a nonpartisan, nonprofit 'consumer advocate' for voters that aims to reduce the level of deception and confusion in U.S. politics. We monitor the factual accuracy of what is said by major U.S. political players in the form of TV ads, debates, speeches, interviews and news releases. Our goal is to apply the best practices of both journalism and scholarship, and to increase public knowledge and understanding." This Web site has a search feature
, where you can sort results by relevance or date.
The Fact Checker
From The Washington Post newspaper, their purpose is "to 'truth squad' the statements of political figures regarding issues of great importance, be they national, international or local." They "also seek to explain difficult issues, provide missing context and provide analysis and explanation of various 'code words' used by politicians, diplomats and others to obscure or shade the truth. ... The Fact Checker is at heart about policy...." Their analysis includes ranking stories on a Pinocchio rating scale.
From The Poynter Institute for Media Studies, "a non-profit journalism school and research organization located in St. Petersburg, Florida. The school is the owner of the Tampa Bay Times newspaper and the International Fact-Checking Network
." "PolitiFact is a nonpartisan fact-checking website to sort out the truth in American politics." Part of their mission is to "remain transparent and independent," and their core principles are "independence, transparency, fairness, thorough reporting and clear writing." Some content is organized on their extensive Issues
page. There is a search feature at the top of the page.
An independent Web site that defines itself as "The internet’s go-to source for discerning what is true and what is total nonsense." They are generally well-regarded and well rated for accuracy and objectivity. They have a search bar at the top of their home page and a separate Search
page, where they advise, "For better results, limit searches to two or three keywords," in addition to Fact Checks
, the Latest
topics and the Top 50
Google's Fact Check Explorer
A searchable Google tool to find existing fact checks.
Improving college students’ fact-checking strategies through lateral reading instruction in a general education civics course.
Brodsky J. E., Brooks, P. J., Scimeca, D., Todorova, R., Galati, P., Batson, M., Grosso, R., Matthews, M., Miller, V., & Caulfield, M. (2021). Improving college students’ fact-checking strategies through lateral reading instruction in a general education civics course. Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 6(23). https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s41235-021-00291-4